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PEARL HARBOR ATTACKED


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Topic: why did japan do this?, for a paper for school< Next Oldest | Next Newest >
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americangirl Search for posts by this member.

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PostIcon Posted on: Jan. 12 2007,1:42  Skip to the next post in this topic. Ignore posts   QUOTE

I just need some help for a term paper for my high school. What was Japan's reason for attacking? If you could give me some guidelines or reasons you know of that would be great. Thanks!
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PostIcon Posted on: Jan. 12 2007,4:26 Skip to the previous post in this topic. Skip to the next post in this topic. Ignore posts   QUOTE

Japan saw it as their destiny to rule the Pacific. As part of this they had occupied parts of China and were slaughtering parts of their civilians. The US placed sanctions on them that hurt their economy, and they felt the only way out was to seize lands in the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) in order to have ready access to oil and other natural resources. In order to successfully do this they needed to neutralize the US Navy. In order to do that.....

they needed to attack Pearl Harbor.


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Let's see what this does...

Tracy White
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PostIcon Posted on: Jan. 29 2007,11:10 Skip to the previous post in this topic.  Ignore posts   QUOTE

One source of insight on the subject is from the writings of Mitsuo Fuchida who was the flight leader for the Japanese Imperial Navy who lead the air raid of Pearl Harbor. He provides some interesting insights into the forces at work in the evolution of Japan's naval strategy culminating in the attack on pearl harbor in his book on the battle of Midway that occurred in the wake of Pearl Harbor:

By the fall of 1941 many naval leaders, including Admiral Yamamoto, commander and chief of the combined imperial japanese fleet were known to have opposed the war according to Fuchida. This hesitancy on the part of the naval leadership was taken as cowardice by the army and certain sectors of the public who blindly believed in Japan's invincibility. There were also pro-war factions in the navy that believed that Japan must take up arms against the western powers or suffer slow but certain strangulation in tightening strictures of Anglo-Dutch-American economic reprisals.

Ever since Japan had concluded a military alliance with the axis of Italy and Germany, the United States, Great Britain and the Netherlands had applied increasing economic pressure against Japan. The oil embargo imposed by those nations had hit the navy at its most vulnerable spot. It's reserve of 6,450,000 tons diminished daily and even with the strictest economy according to Fuchida would have been exhausted in three to four years at the most. The Japanese fighting forces perceived that they would be powerless without a reliable oil supply, which would ultimately reduce Japan to a condition where they would have to bow to any and all demands of the Anglo-American's.

It had been hoped by certain factions in Japan, when The Japanese-Anglo negotiations were begun in the spring of 1941 that a peaceful solution might be found. However, as the talks dragged on with no apparent hope of achieving a mutually acceptable agreement, the war faction pointed to the disastrous affects the oil embargo and declared that Japan must take up arms before it was too late or else reconcile herself to eventual complete capitation.

With that thought the naval strategists turned their attention to how it would wage simultaneous hostilities with the worlds two strongest naval powers, the United States and Britain with footholds in Asia at Pearl Harbor in Singapore which would need to be neutralized in the event of war.

Above all, Japan would need to gain quick access to oil which was a paramount factor in shaping Japanese strategy for the initial phases of hostility. This required the seizure of rich petroleum producing areas in Southeast Asia as soon as possible after the outbreak of war. According to Fuchida, Admiral Yamamoto saw a serious danger that the United States might attack the western pacific before the Japanese fleet could commit itself to counter such an attack. He felt, therefore, that it was absolutely essential to eliminate this danger by striking a crippling offensive blow at the US pacific fleet in pearl harbor simultaneously with the launching of southern operations towards the oil sources in Indonesia. Here was the genesis of the suprise assualt  on Pearl Harbor in Fucida's estimation.
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